Software development trends 2020: research overview by Platinum Q DAO Engineering

Winning the competition in the world of technology is not about following trends faster than others – it means to be ahead of them, and become a trendsetter oneself. Experts from Platinum Q DAO Engineering have dug into changes and patterns in software development to define the trends that will impact and shape the industry. In this blog post, we’ll outline what should be your focus in 2020 including architecture, infrastructure, technology stack, and much more.

#1 Microservices to make a breakthrough. 

The concept of microservices isn’t new – it began to get traction already a few years ago. In 2020, the trend will continue to intensify. The entire microservices market is expected to reach about $33 billion.

At least 95% of all solutions will feature microservices architectures by 2025, predicts Platinum Q DAO Engineering. 

Why? The reason is simple. Microservices allow engineering teams to operate in Continuous Delivery mode, build solutions, release, debug, and update them faster. Unlike static and unscalable monolithic architectures, microservices offer agility and speed. They’re based on the decomposition of a complex technological solution into independent and language-agnostic services. 

“Many companies have already switched from monolith to microservices, for example Amazon, Etsy, Coca-Cola, Uber, and Spotify. The more is yet to come in 2020 and beyond!” comments Platinum Q DAO Engineering research team.

The boom for microservices architecture got largely catalyzed by the rise of cloud computing and containerization. Netflix, for example, runs its entire microservices architecture on the cloud. 

Cloud computing allows to build, deploy, and manage microservices in a virtual environment. The cloud market owned by the ‘big three’ providers – Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). Even though the leader has always been AWS, both Microsoft Azure and GCP have witnessed significant growth rates – 83 percent for Google Cloud Platform and 75 percent for Microsoft Azure, as of 2019. Meanwhile, AWS experienced only a 41 percent growth rate.

Containerization acts as an alternative deployment method for virtualization and is used by most organizations that move to microservices architectures. In a nutshell, containerization means to encapsulate or bundle the application with all its dependencies, libraries and configurations so that it operates smoothly on any infrastructure. The most popular containerization ecosystems are Kubernetes and Docker. 

“Today’s software development is all about boosting innovation and cutting time to market. Customers expect lightweight, secure, agile and high-speed delivery. Microservices architectures powered by cloud and containers provide all these – we’re sure, by 2025 most solutions will be microservices-based,” admits Co-founder of Platinum Q DAO Engineering Anton Dziatkovskiy.

#2 Programming: Java and JavaScript stay on top.

Java and JavaScript were among the dominant programming languages used by developers in 2019, and the experts believe they’re going to keep strong positions this year and beyond. 

Source: Stackoverflow Developers Survey 2019

Just to note: Java and JavaScript are not the same, despite their common ‘java’ part in names. Java is a programming language mostly used on the server-side (back-end) as well as for Android development. JavaScript is the scripting language that runs in the browser and is designed for interactive web applications. Since it’s used across the web technology stack, JavaScript is both front-end and back-end. 

What to expect in 2020? Professionals from Platinum Q DAO Engineering answer:

The top application languages using Java Virtual Machine as their runtime will be Kotlin, Clojure, Scala and Groovy. Spring already is and will remain the #1 framework in the JVM ecosystem. 

Most used Java frameworks. Source: Java 2019

Spring can be used in different languages. e.g. Kotlin, Groovy, and it also provides a comprehensive programming and configuration model for Java-based enterprise applications. A key feature of Spring is that the app isn’t tied to a specific deployment environment. 

JavaScript language and its frameworks – React, Angular and Vue – will continue to the mainstream on the web. 

By 2025, JS will be used by 85% of developers. Among the frameworks, React will be in the lead, followed by Angular and Vue – forecasts Platinum Q DAO Engineering.

What developers feel about different JS frameworks. Source: The State of JavaScript 2019  

“React is scalable, easy and fast. Using it, developers can create web applications dealing only with the view layer. A JS engineer will be able to build a well-performing app just after reading React tutorials. We’ll definitely see more products with React under the hood in 2020,” comments Co-Founder Dan Khomenko.

#3 Mobile goes hybrid and cross-platform dev.

In 2023, mobile apps are projected to hit more than $935 billion in revenue, admits Statista. The question is what to choose for mobile development in 2020: build native single-platform apps or use a hybrid or a cross-platform approach? 

Native apps may have the utmost performance and tailored UX, but they’re much more cost-consuming to deliver and have a longer time to market. That’s why engineering teams will turn even more to hybrid and cross-platform development, believe researches at Platinum Q DAO Engineering.

It’s essential to admit that they’re not the same. Hybrid and cross-platform apps have one common feature – code shareability across different platforms. It enables delivery teams to significantly speed up the development.

Hybrid apps have both web and mobile elements. Developers write code in HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and then put it a native container – embedded web browser that renders UI. 

The most regularly used tools for hybrid development will be Apache Cordova, Trigger.io and Visual Studio.

Cross-platform apps are written in JavaScript, one of the most dynamic programming languages. UI is rendered using ‘native’ bridges, so the cross-platform app will show performance almost as high as the native.

“Cross-platform development will get more hype than ever before,” assumes the research team. “It’s very appealing to customers, as they want to use the same code across platforms, e.g. iOS and Android, have close-to-native UX, outstanding performance and optimize their costs.”

Today’s most popular cross-platform apps are developed with React Native and Flutter. Platinum Q DAO Engineering expects React Native to keep the leading position. 

React Native dominates, but Flutter is not far behind. Source: Google Trends

React Native was introduced by Facebook in 2015. Since then, its usage and popularity have grown exponentially. Besides Facebook itself, Bloomberg, Skype, Airbnb, and Tesla are among the top users of React Native in their apps. 

To see React Native and cross-platform development in action, explore apps developed by Platinum Q DAO Engineering: Asian Bank App and Roseon Blockchain Wallet App.    

“Today and the future lie in the hands of cross-platform & hybrid apps. Write the code in React Native once and then run it anywhere – that’s what developers and, most importantly, clients want,” concludes Anton Dziatkovskiy.

Final thoughts from Platinum Q DAO Engineering.

The trends identified by Platinum Q DAO Engineering professionals show that modern software development goes away from the monolith and complex solutions to agile, scalable and highly-customized ones. Speed, cost-optimization and quality become the primary focus for clients – and only those development companies that offer it will win the market race.

If you’d like to see how Platinum Q DAO Engineering leverages the trends in projects and delivers unprecedented value to customers, check out our case studies

Learn more about the company’s expertise at the website and let’s stay in touch on Twitter, Facebook, and Telegram.

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